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Daycare License Requirements for Virginia

Worker requirements

Must be at least 18 years old and have a high school diploma or GED. If hired or promoted after 11/1/93, must also have an endorsement or BA in a child- related field; or 48 semester hours from accredited college or university, at least 12 of which are in a subject relating to group care of children and 6 months of age-appropriate experience; or a 1 year early childhood certificate from an accredited college or university of at least 30 semester hours and 6 months of age-appropriate experience; or a CDA credential or equivalent; or one year age appropriate program experience in group care and participation in a staff training plan of at least 10 hours in first year of employment.


Provider / Child Ratio

Age RangeRatio For Center-based Care
Young toddlers(1:5)
2 and 3 years(1:10)
4 years(1:12)
School age(1:20)
Mixed age groupratio for youngest child in group


Age RangeRatio For Family Child Care
0 – 15 months(1:4)
16 – 23 months(1:5)
2 – 4 years(1:8)
5 – 9 years(1:16)
10 years and olderthese children shall not count in determining any ratio
Mixed age groupa point system shall be applied to determine the need for an assistant


Virginia Department of Social Services
Division of Licensing Programs
7 North Eighth Street
Richmond, VA 23219
Phone: 800-543-7545 (within state)
or 804-662-9743 (nationwide)
Fax: 804-662-9743
Web site:

Rules for day care centers

Rules for family daycare homes

Virginia Child Care Associations:

Virginia Child Care Association – VCCA

Virginia Alliance of Family Child Care Associations – VAFCCA

Northern Virginia Association for the Education of Young Children – NVAEYC